In 2017 almost everyone knows the game of football, both men and women. So you could say that soccer is one of the most popular sports or games on this earth. FIFA even has issued a survey titled 2006 FIFA Big Count.
It was known that around 4% of the world’s population (or around 270 million people) play soccer actively.
Meanwhile, according to statistics in 2014 where the World Cup was held, it was known at that time that soccer spectators from around the world reached 3.2 billion people! This means that almost half of the earth’s population at that time witnessed the biggest soccer event in the world.
But the big question is, do you know the history of football in the world today? FIFA actually has briefly explained it on their site, but specifically for you we will write it more fully.
If it can be claimed, then perhaps the oldest football history in the face of the earth is the episkyros game invented by the ancient Romans.
The game is played by 12 to 14 people on each team, with one ball, and each player can use hands.
Now even though the title is a ball game, basically people who play this game will fight each other like Sparta.
The game at that time was very simple, with both teams throwing balls at each other with the aim of the ball being as far away from the team’s zone zone and in the opposing zone, while the players were tackling very hard.
However there is actually no clear evidence of Episkyros’s relationship with the history of modern football, although there are indeed some relics that show it, for example the relif below is quite well-known.
T’su Chu or Cuju is an ancient Chinese soccer game that is played in China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. This game is considered FIFA as one of the inspirations from the history of football in the world. This game began in the Ming Dynasty, and is now becoming obsolete.
Just like Episkyros, this game is played by 2 teams, each with 12-16 players with one ball. The players who play Cuju are required to kick the ball into the opponent’s field zone, with some special rules. In this game the use of hands is not permitted.
Even in its development, Cuju has given birth to a League with several teams in it, in the 10th century. Recreational players are required to appoint professional players as teachers and pay a sum of money to become a member.
This can be accepted by the community because it can become one of the new sources of income for the players.
Kemari is an ancient Japanese soccer game that appeared 500-600 years after Cuju’s existence and again claimed by FIFA to be one of the inspirations and related in the history of world football.
Unlike Episkyros and Cuju, this game is still played today even though it is only intended as a recreational sport.
Besides this the game is said to have a minimal competitive element because the players who play here are only required to kick the ball in a small circle and pass it to each other to prevent the ball from falling to the ground. Or in the current language this game is known as juggling.
History of Modern Football
The history of modern soccer is said to have started in the land of Great Britain in the 19th century. Initially the game of folk football was played throughout England in urban and rural areas without any standard rules and even seemed minimal.
The rules of the game were first discussed after the private schools such as Winchester, Charterhouse and Eton began to play these games until in 1843 the University of Cambridge succeeded in making standardized rules and later named Cambridge rules.
Until 1863 many clubs made printed rules which were not allowed to use hands. This is what then led to the separation of rugby with soccer balls.
The new rules were not initially accepted directly until in 1867 Sheffield joined the English football association to later play a match against the London club with the revised rules.
After that in 1871 there were 15 clubs willing to take part in tournaments organized by the English Football Association (FA). Then the competition grew until in 1877 the Great Britain association agreed to unite 43 teams into one competition. After this competition was put together the dominance of the London club in the FA cup.
In its journey, England played a major role in the history of world football. It is known that since the 1850s industrial workers in the UK who did have time offwork on Saturday, spent many of those days watching or playing football.
This culture is increasingly popular and it is known that the number of football spectators in the stadium grew from 4,600 people in 1888 to 7,900 people in 1895 and 13,200 in 1905.
With the popularity of the game of football, professional systems began to emerge in the UK. Initially the North English teams began paying working-class players as compensation for the “work” of their main jobs as well as injury compensation.
But the FA then issued teams that had “professional” players. However, the practice of “professionalism” is actually growing in the UK until the 1920s where many teams began to be owned by certain companies, although in this era football has not become a promising business commodity.
In addition, please note that the new professional league actually ran in the 1932 era after the problem of professionalism was successfully solved by adopting from countries in Latin America.
During the early 20th century it was also recorded in history that the development of soccer happened very fast and was getting faster all the time. This then made many people aware of the importance of the existence of a world organization that houses football.
As a result, in 1904 several countries such as Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland decided to form the Federation Internationale de Football Association or known as FIFA.
One of the problems experienced by FIFA in the early days of its formation was the FA’s non-compliance with FIFA as a new organization. In the history of world football even recorded several times the FA “sulked” for several reasons. Noted that the FA never left FIFA membership in 1920-1924, 1928-1946.
Since the early days of the formation of FIFA, football in the world has advanced and competitions have begun to be more organized and more diverse.
In 1977 and 1985 FIFA first held tournaments for young players under 20 years old, and under 17 years old.
In 1989 FIFA held its first futsal competition, and in 1991 FIFA held its first women’s soccer tournament in China. FIFA since that era has continued to create new innovations so that soccer has become a game that is widely known today.